Below: A map showing the
"Dust Bowl" area that was most
affected by a severe drought (lack of rain) in the 1930s. Many
of farms in the area went bankrupt when they could not produce a crop
Below: A farm in Texas with all its crops ruined for lack of
and wind-blown dirt piled up against the house.
migrant farm workers
Below: Hundreds of thousands of people from the Dust Bowl
area headed to California
with their belongings to try to find work harvesting crops
on farms there.
Below: Migrant families often formed campgrounds near farms
in California that
they hoped would hire them at harvest time. Desperate for work,
take whatever wages were offered, just to earn enough money to buy food.
Many of the migrant farm families that went to California to find
work, like the one
were from Oklahoma. As a result, the nickname "Okies" was given
many of the migrant
returns to the Dust Bowl - 1939
In 1939 and 1940 rain began returning to normal
levels on the
Families like the one shown below could finally plant and
The photo shows the family harvesting beets on their farm in Kansas.
Map by David Burns. All photos are
Library of Congress. Some have been edited or resized for this
Copyright 2009, 2012 by David Burns. All rights
reserved. As a guide to the Virginia Standards of Learning,
some pages necessarily include phrases or sentences from that document,
which is available online from the
Virginia Department of Education. The author's copyright extends
the original text and graphics, unique design and layout, and related